The “two-nation theory” may signify something extreme for some, drawing upon notions of cultural and religious supremacy, but in the economic realm, that has its own meaning for millions.
Those who have a supremacist view about India generally don’t like discussing the widespread poverty. Their blinkered view was summarised by the “India Shining” slogan before the last Lok Sabha elections. Many of the bigoted sections predictably get hot under the collar when this aspect of India is discussed.
To me, that is the most potent argument available to Indians interested in real progress, to face up to the ultra-conservatives.
This set of pictures and the accompanying story in the New York Times provides good anecdotes for the discussion.